This has been rarely used but does exist. Maybe a few test cases around the country would put some "constituent fearing" conscience in those that say one thing while campaigning and then do as they please during their 6 years in office.Comment: I think it's a great idea. Some time back when the US Senate was trying to pass the free-citizenship-give-away to the 25 million illegal aliens, I wrote to every Ohio State Senator demanding they subpoena Ohio US Senators Voinovich and Brown and force them to appear before the Ohio Senate to unearth what was contained in the secret bill being put through Congress and the true cost that would burden our state. One guy wrote me back and called me an “f-in" idiot...LOL :-). But hey, I still think it’s a great idea.
Both the Constitutional Convention and Congress itself in the 17th Amendment delegated election laws to the states themselves. In addition, the right of popular sovereignty is basic to all American governments. Thomas Jefferson wrote in the Declaration of Independence that “governments... deriv[e] their just powers from the consent of the governed.”
The proper conclusion is that the right of recall does remain with the citizens of each state, subject to the election laws of each state.
Update: You can find the complete article written by John Armor here.